French: Roselin noir German: Rußschneegimpel Spanish: Pinzón montano negro
Cañon City, Colorado, USA
WC USA (SC Montana and E Oregon S to N Nevada, N Utah and W Wyoming); more widespread S to SC USA in non-breeding season.
14–16 cm; 20·7-32 g. Large, stoutly built blackish finch with bright pink edges of flight-feathers and forked tail. Male has whitish nasal tufts, lores, forehead... read more
Song, by male only, a long series of tuneless “chew” notes, either in phrases or as a... read more
Breeds on montane and submontane tundra, edges of snowfields and glaciers, cliffs and open scree... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly seeds and small insects. Seeds include those of families Brassicaceae (mostly Smelowskia, Arabis and mustard),... read more
Season Jun–Aug; one brood. Monogamous. Solitary or loosely colonial. Displaying male crouches with head held forward (may hold... read more
Altitudinal migrant, mostly remaining within breeding range or E to c. 200 km and S to c. 450 km... read more
Status and conservation
ENDANGERED. Population most recently estimated at 10,000–20,000 mature individuals, and is declining. Between 1970 and 2014, the species is suspected to have declined... read more
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