French: Hirondelle hérissée German: Erzschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina negra
Hirundo (Chelidon) pristoptera
#R, Simen Province, Ethiopia
Subspecies and Distribution
P. p. petiti
Sharpe & Bouvier, 1876 – SE & E Nigeria, S Cameroon, Gabon and extreme NW Angola (Cabinda).
P. p. chalybea
Reichenow, 1892 – N & C Cameroon E to Central African Republic, NW South Sudan and N & C DRCongo.
P. p. pristoptera
(Rüppell, 1840) – W highlands of N Ethiopia and N Eritrea.
P. p. blanfordi
Blundell & Lovat, 1899 – highlands of WC Ethiopia.
P. p. antinorii
Salvadori, 1884 – C & S Ethiopia.
P. p. oleaginea
Neumann, 1904 – SW Ethiopia and E South Sudan.
P. p. mangbettorum
Chapin, 1923 – S South Sudan S to NE DRCongo.
P. p. ruwenzori
Chapin, 1932 – E DRCongo.
P. p. reichenowi
Neumann, 1904 – Angola, S DRCongo and Zambia.
P. p. massaica
Neumann, 1904 – Kenya and N & C Tanzania.
P. p. orientalis
Reichenow, 1889 – S Tanzania and E Zambia S to E Zimbabwe and C Mozambique.
P. p. holomelas
(Sundevall, 1850) – S Zimbabwe and S Mozambique S to E & S South Africa.
13 cm; 12 g. Dark body and forked tail distinctive. Nominate race is black with purple-blue sheen; wings blackish-brown; tail blackish-brown with green gloss, strongly forked... read more
Not very vocal; calls include high-pitched “see-see”, described as “chirr-chirr-... read more
Savanna, woodland, bush, forest, river valleys, villages and plantations, also montane grassland... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes beetles (Coleoptera), flies (Diptera), and hymenopterans such as ants and ichneumonids. Forages alone, in pairs or in small... read more
Usually in local wet season, i.e. Apr–Jun and Oct–Nov in Cameroon, Apr–Jul in Gabon, Feb–Sept in DRCongo, Feb... read more
Not well understood. Mainly resident in Gabon, Sudan, Ethiopia and E Africa, making some local post... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Generally common to locally abundant, especially in highlands; not common in lower Congo Basin, W Sudan, E African plains, S Zambia and C Zimbabwe.... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!