Port Nicholson, North Island, New Zealand.
Closely related to H. himantopus, with which sometimes considered conspecific; known to hybridize with H. h. leucocephalus, and the two species are very similar in courtship and breeding behaviour. Monotypic.
New Zealand: formerly widespread in North I and South I, but breeding now restricted to upper Waitaki Valley (MacKenzie Basin), in C South I; small numbers winter locally in North I.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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