Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Black-striped Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus)


French: Grimpar maillé German: Schwarzrücken-Baumsteiger Spanish: Trepatroncos pinto

Dendrornis lachrymosus


, 1862,

no locality = Atlantic side of Isthmus of Panama, along line of Panama Railroad, Canal Zone, Panama


May be sister to X. flavigaster (which see). Race eximius commonly synonymized with nominate, but this resulted in part from apparently mistaken belief that specimens from Caribbean slope in W Panama represented eximius instead of nominate. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • X. l. lachrymosus (Lawrence, 1862) – Caribbean slope of Central America in E Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama (locally also Pacific slope from Canal Zone E to Darién), also W Colombia (in lower Atrato Valley and along Pacific coast) and NW Ecuador (S to N Pichincha, once to N Manabí).
  • X. l. eximius (Hellmayr, 1903) – Pacific slope of SW Costa Rica and adjacent W Panama.
  • X. l. alarum Chapman, 1915 – lowlands of N Colombia (valleys of upper R Sinú, lower R Cauca and middle R Magdalena E to Santander).
  • Descriptive notes

    21·5–25 cm; 51–66 g. Strikingly marked, robust woodcreeper with bill relatively long, nearly straight, slightly decurved at tip. Nominate race has brownish-black... read more


    Song a soft, descending whinny 2·5–4·5 seconds long, comprises 10–35 clear whistles... read more


    Chiefly humid lowland forest; largely tied to evergreen forest, but ranges into ecologically... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet primarily arthropods, but small vertebrates also taken. Most prey caught in association with ant swarms were quite small, but larger... read more


    Breeds Mar–Jun in Costa Rica; specimens in breeding condition in Feb–May in NW Colombia; fledged young in mid-Jul to mid-Oct in... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally uncommon to fairly common, or locally common, throughout its range; absent from drier habitats, such as those in NW Costa Rica. Estimated... read more

    Recommended citation

    Marantz, C.A., Aleixo, A., Bevier, L.R. & Patten, M.A. (2019). Black-striped Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).