Family Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Least Concern

Black-thighed Grosbeak (Pheucticus tibialis)


Taxonomy

French: Cardinal à cuisses noires German: Schwarzschenkel-Kernknacker Spanish: Picogrueso muslinegro
Taxonomy:

Pheucticus tibialis

Lawrence

, 1867,

Cervantes, Costa Rica

.

Has been treated as conspecific with P. chrysopeplus and P. chrysogaster; a recent molecular phylogeny indicated that the former is paraphyletic with respect to present species, albeit without strong support#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Mountains from N Costa Rica (from Volcán Miravalles, in Guanacaste) S to W Panama (Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí and Veraguas).

Descriptive notes

20 cm; average 62·3 g (12 birds, Panama). Male has crown and nape to upper mantle bright yellow, lower mantle black with yellow edgings on central feathers, lower back... read more

Voice

Song a cheerful series of rich, varied leisurely musical whistles and phrases, interspersed with... read more

Habitat

Forest edges, clearings, pastures with residual trees. In Costa Rica from c. 1500 m to at least... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes seeds and fruits, also invertebrates. Usually forages fairly high up in forest, occasionally descending to middle levels.... read more

Breeding

Season Mar–May in Costa Rica. Nest a frail cup of rootlets, built on to bulky base of twigs or mosses, 3–9 m up in small tree or vine... read more

Movements

Resident. Some evidence of altitudinal migration on Caribbean slope of Costa Rica, numbers of... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Costa Rica and Panama Highlands EBA. Fairly common in Costa Rica; local or uncommon in Panama.

Recommended citation

Brewer, D. (2019). Black-thighed Grosbeak (Pheucticus tibialis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62181 on 20 July 2019).