Family New World Quails (Odontophoridae)

Least Concern

Black-throated Bobwhite (Colinus nigrogularis)


French: Colin à gorge noire German: Schwarzkehlwachtel Spanish: Colín gorjinegro
Other common names: Yucatan Bobwhite

Ortyx nigrogularis


, 1843,

Mexico; error = Belize


Possibly conspecific with C. virginianus. Palest race, persiccus, is distinctive and may merit further investigation. Race segoviensis poorly differentiated from nominate and sometimes synonymized with it. Proposed race coffini (Petén, N Guatemala) considered inseparable from nominate. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. n. persiccus Van Tyne & Trautman, 1941 – Progreso area of Yucatán, in SE Mexico.
  • C. n. caboti Van Tyne & Trautman, 1941 – N Campeche, Yucatán (except Progreso area) and N Quintana Roo, in SE Mexico.
  • C. n. nigrogularis (Gould, 1843) – Belize and N Guatemala.
  • C. n. segoviensis Ridgway, 1888 – E Honduras and NE Nicaragua.
  • Descriptive notes

    18–21·5 cm; 109–152 g, with sexes apparently similar. Distinctive face pattern separates from congeners. Forehead, sides of head, and throat black; small... read more


    Voice very similar to C. virginianus, though all calls usually higher-pitched and appears... read more


    Brush, woodland edge, overgrown fields, forest openings with weeds, pine savannas and agricultural... read more

    Food and feeding

    Known to take seeds, including Desmodium. Shows little dependence on water, apparently acquiring moisture from vegetation. Coveys... read more


    Laying Apr–Aug or later; most reports of adults in breeding condition or clutches during Jun–Aug; newly hatched chicks in Nov.... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: Safe. Status not well known; total population may number 100,000–1,000,000 birds, and thought to be stable.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Carroll, J.P., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Black-throated Bobwhite (Colinus nigrogularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).