French: Paruline grise German: Trauerwaldsänger Spanish: Reinita gris
J. K. Townsend
no locality = vicinity of Fort William, near Portland, Oregon, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
S. n. nigrescens
(J. K. Townsend, 1837) – SW Canada (S British Columbia) S on coast and in coastal mountain ranges of W USA to N California; migrates to wintering areas mainly in W Mexico (S Sonora S to Oaxaca).
S. n. halseii
(Giraud, 1841) – W USA E of the Cascades (from Washington and Wyoming S to California and New Mexico) and extreme NW & N Mexico (N Baja California, extreme NE Sonora); most migrate to W Mexico (including S Baja California).
12–13 cm; 6–10·3 g. Male nominate race has black head and throat with broad white supercilium behind eye and broad white submoustachial area (giving... read more
Two song types. Type 1 song variable, consists of several buzzy notes, often doubled, followed by a... read more
Breeds in dry, open mixed woodland, generally containing pines (Pinus) and firs (Abies... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds principally, perhaps almost exclusively, on insects, especially small caterpillars; a vagrant in Oct (in Georgia, in SE USA) was... read more
Season May–Jul, egg-laying May–Jun. Nest a cup of plant fibres, grasses and weed stalks, lined with feathers and hair,... read more
Migratory; some of race halseii breeding in extreme S of range possibly resident.... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally fairly common throughout range. Overall, population generally regarded as stable. Estimates of breeding density include 24... read more
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