Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Black-throated Hermit (Phaethornis atrimentalis)


French: Ermite à gorge noire German: Schwarzkehl-Schattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño barbinegro

Phæthornis atrimentalis


, 1858,

Napo, Ecuador


One of the small hermits sometimes separated in genus Pygmornis. Frequently considered conspecific with P. longuemareus, but morphological characters indicate that closest relationship is to P. ruber and P. stuarti (which see). Other close relatives are P. striigularis and P. griseogularis. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. a. atrimentalis Lawrence, 1858 – E Andes of Colombia, Ecuador and N Peru (Loreto).
  • P. a. riojae Berlepsch, 1889 – foothills of C Peru (San Martín S to Pasco).
  • Descriptive notes

    8–9 cm. Very similar to P. ruber, but easily distinguishable by prominent dark brown throat and whitish undertail-coverts. Male has a more intensely-coloured... read more


    Song is a high-pitched phrase repeated incessantly without pauses between phrases, at a rate of c.... read more


    Understorey of lowland rainforest, in particular at edges, second growth areas, zones transitional... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar of flowering plants like Costus, Aechmea, Palicourea, Drymonia, Gurania, Pitcairnia... read more


    No nest yet described. Data on gonadal activity indicate breeding in Jul and Nov (Peru), and Sept (Ecuador).


    No information available. Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Present in Río Nambi Reserve, Nariño, and Amacayacu National Park, S Amazonas (Colombia); also recorded near Tingo Maria (C... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hinkelmann, C. & Boesman, P. (2019). Black-throated Hermit (Phaethornis atrimentalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 May 2019).