Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Black-throated Mango (Anthracothorax nigricollis)


Taxonomy

French: Mango à cravate noire German: Schwarzbrust-Mangokolibri Spanish: Mango gorjinegro
Taxonomy:

Trochilus nigricollis

Vieillot

, 1817,

Brazil

.

Recent phylogenetic study based on plumage colour spectra indicated that this species formed a clade with A. prevostii, with A. veraguensis and A. dominicus as sister-species#R. Very closely related to A. prevostii, and occasionally regarded as conspecific, the two evidently replacing each other geographically, with at most very local sympatry in N Venezuela and perhaps elsewhere. Race iridescens has been placed in A. prevostii, because female supposedly resembles female of that species more than it does female nigricollis, but in reality females vary considerably, and in AMNH material female iridescens have a small amount of glittering green overlaid on a variable-length matt black ventral stripe, and thus tend slightly more towards nigricollis than to prevostii (on which ventral stripe starts with matt black and then switches to glittering green); given this and the greater resemblance of male iridescens to nigricollis, it seems reasonable to treat iridescens as a race of nigricollis, as do some other authors#R. Reported occurrence of iridescens in Colombia (arid upper Cauca Valley) erroneous, the birds apparently belonging instead to nominate nigricollis#R. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. n. nigricollis (Vieillot, 1817) – W Panama and Colombia E to Trinidad and Tobago and the Guianas, and S to Peru, E Bolivia, Paraguay, NE Argentina and S Brazil.
  • A. n. iridescens (Gould, 1861) – coastal slope of W Ecuador and extreme NW Peru (Tumbes).
  • Descriptive notes

    11–12 cm; male 5·5–7·5 g, female 6–7·3 g. Male has slightly decurved black bill; upperparts bronzy green; underparts, centre of breast... read more

    Voice

    Males sing from tall trees, but do not form leks. Song comprises seven sibilant notes rendered “hsl... read more

    Habitat

    Open garden-like vegetation with bushes and scattered trees, including parks and gardens, forest... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar of mainly tall flowering trees (Erythrina, Eucalyptus, Mabea, Spirotheca, Tabebuia,... read more

    Breeding

    Dec–Jul (Trinidad), but also Jan–Apr (N coastal Venezuela), Jul–Aug (Amazonian Brazil), Aug (E Ecuador) and perhaps year-... read more

    Movements

    Migration to higher altitudes in Aug–Sept; long-distance migration reported from E Brazil. In... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common in cultivated areas; also commonly seen in parks of big cities, e.g. Asunción (Paraguay) and Caracas (... read more

    Recommended citation

    Schuchmann, K.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Black-throated Mango (Anthracothorax nigricollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55404 on 18 January 2018).