Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Least Concern

Black-throated Munia (Lonchura kelaarti)


French: Capucin à ventre roux German: Bergbronzemännchen Spanish: Capuchino golinegro

Munia kelaarti


, 1863,

Sri Lanka


Nominate differs from other two races in its bold narrow scaling on lower underparts and rump (3), but otherwise is very similar and no differences detected in voice#R. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. k. vernayi (Whistler & Kinnear, 1933) – E India (S Odisha and NE Andhra Pradesh).
  • L. k. jerdoni (A. O. Hume, 1874) – #RJerdon’s Munia – SW India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and W Tamil Nadu; recorded N to Pune district, Maharashtra#R).
  • L. k. kelaarti (Jerdon, 1863) – Black-throated Munia – Sri Lanka.
  • Descriptive notes

    12 cm; 9·5-17 g. Male nominate race has face to throat and centre of breast black, crown to lower back brown with whitish shaft streaks, rump black with small white cruciform... read more


    Not well known. Contact call a short, high-pitched nasal "ééénh";... read more


    Forest edge and grassy clearings, Lantana scrub, tea and coffee plantations, and gardens;... read more

    Food and feeding

    Grass seeds, flowers and seedheads of chickweed and groundsel, rice; probably also some insects. Takes small seeds from ground. Forages in... read more


    Season prolonged, peak in monsoons during Mar–May and Aug–Nov. No information on courtship display. Nest built by both sexes, a... read more


    Resident; some seasonal movements, descends from higher altitudes in winter.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common. An old record from near Belgaum, in NW Karnataka (Western Ghats), is considered dubious; confirmation required. ... read more

    Recommended citation

    Payne, R. (2020). Black-throated Munia (Lonchura kelaarti). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).