Family Tinamous (Tinamidae)


Black Tinamou (Tinamus osgoodi)


French: Tinamou noir German: Schwarztinamu Spanish: Tinamú negro

Tinamus osgoodi


, 1949,

Cuzco, Peru


Phenotypic analysis suggested that this species should be moved to Crypturellus#R, but combined analysis of morphological and genetic data confirmed correct placement in Tinamus#R. Races geographically well separated but show limited obvious phenotypic divergence. Two subspecies recognized. These are geographically far apart, inhabit different climatic regimes and show some differences in vocalizations, so that their subspecific status needs further evaluation#R

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. o. hershkovitzi Blake, 1953 – SC Colombia (E Andes in Huila and SW Caquetá) and N Ecuador.
  • T. o. osgoodi Conover, 1949 – SE Peru (E slope in Huánuco, Cuzco, Puno and Madre de Dios).
  • Reported also from N part of C Andes of Colombia (Antioquia)#R and in Bolivia (La Paz)#R.

    Descriptive notes

    40–46 cm; one male 1285 g (nominate). Large and blackish. Nominate race is rather plain dark slate-grey on most of plumage; may have some whitish around eye and about... read more


    Apparently some differences between subspecies, although more material is required. Three different... read more


    Heavy, humid pre-montane and montane forest where epiphytes, tree-ferns, bromeliads and moss all... read more

    Food and feeding

    One specimen had crop and stomach full of nuts. In S Colombia, birds observed taking fruits from the forest floor, and a hunted bird had... read more


    In S Colombia vocal activity peaks in Mar–Apr. In Peru, birds in breeding condition in Mar–Nov and quarter-grown chick found in... read more


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Poorly known. Global population not known, and relevant data insufficient; preliminary estimate of fewer than 10,000 individuals, but detailed study required.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Cabot, J., Jutglar, F., Garcia, E.F.J., Sharpe, C.J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Black Tinamou (Tinamus osgoodi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).