French: Oriole cul-noir German: Berglandtrupial Spanish: Turpial culinegro
P. L. Sclater, 1857,
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
I. w. castaneopectus
Brewster, 1888 – NW Mexico in interior Sonora and Sinaloa and adjacent W Chihuahua.
I. w. wagleri
P. L. Sclater, 1857 – C & S Mexico (from Durango, Coahuila and Nuevo León) S across C Guatemala, N El Salvador and SW Honduras to W Nicaragua.
20·5–23 cm; 36·7–46·3 g, male average 41·3 g, female average 39 g. Male nominate race has head, throat, upper breast, mantle and upper back black, uppertail-coverts,... read more
Song not too musical, a mix of fast warbles with twittering and nasal or rasping notes. Calls... read more
Inhabits dry woodland and scrub, open areas with scattered trees; mostly in uplands, 500–2500 m.
Food and feeding
Insects and other arthropods, also fruits and nectar. Gleans arthropods from foliage. Takes nectar from flowering trees of Pseudobombax... read more
Season Jun–Jul in S Mexico (Oaxaca) and May–Jul in El Salvador. Probably monogamous. Breeds solitarily. Shallow hammock-shaped nest, made... read more
Undertakes some altitudinal movement, also local movements dependent on flowering season of trees.... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Rather abundant, common to fairly common in most of range.
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