French: Traquet rieur German: Trauersteinschmätzer Spanish: Collalba negra
J. F. Gmelin
Subspecies and Distribution
O. l. leucura
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – E Portugal, Spain and extreme SE France.
O. l. riggenbachi
(E. J. O. Hartert, 1909) – NW Africa S to NW Mauritania and E to NW Libya (Jebel Nafusa).
18 cm; 37–44 g. Male nominate race is dull black, with white lowermost underparts (from behind legs), white rump and tail, latter with black central feathers and... read more
Song a series of brief mellow phrases, each 2–4 seconds long, with pauses of 2–8... read more
Steep rocky arid landscapes with rock walls, scattered boulders, bare ground and sparse scrub,... read more
Food and feeding
Invertebrates, small lizards and plant matter. Arthropod food especially beetles (of at least five families) and ants, also grasshoppers,... read more
Jan–Jun (mainly Mar–May) in NW Africa; nest-building begins mid-Feb (eggs mostly from mid-Mar) in S Spain, and from mid-Apr in... read more
Largely or strictly sedentary, but situation variable and perhaps complex. Altitudinal movements... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Comparatively rare in terms of global numbers. European population in mid-1990s estimated at 4313–15,352 pairs, the great majority in Spain; by... read more
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