Sometimes placed with E. aureus and E. gierowii in a separate genus, Groteiplectes. In captivity, reported as having hybridized with E. ardens and with “red bishop” (probably E. franciscanus). Birds in NE of range sometimes separated as race craspedopterus (described from Ethiopia), supposedly differing in having pale (not black) undertail-coverts, but variation individual, rather than regional, and naming of geographical races considered unwarranted. Treated as monotypic.
S Mauritania, Gambia, N & SW Senegal, C & S Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Ivory Coast E to extreme SW Niger, C Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, S Chad, SW Sudan, South Sudan and W Ethiopia, S discontinuously to Gabon, Congo, DRCongo (except C forested region), Uganda, W & SE Kenya, W Rwanda, W Burundi, much of Tanzania (including Zanzibar and Pemba I), N & W Angola, Zambia, Malawi, N & E Zimbabwe and C Mozambique; also São Tomé, where perhaps introduced#R.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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