Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Critically Endangered

Black-winged Myna (Acridotheres melanopterus)


French: Martin à ailes noires German: Schwarzflügelmaina Spanish: Miná alinegro
Other common names: Black-winged Starling

Gracula melanoptera


, 1800,

“Inde“= Western Java


Sometimes placed in genus Sturnus, but appears behaviourally and vocally closer to present genus. Hitherto treated as conspecific with A. tricolor and A. tertius; see those two (below). Monotypic.


Java (except SE part), formerly widespread but currently recorded only in NW (Pulau Dua and Muara Angke Reserves); formerly also Madura I. Records from Jakarta probably escapes.

Introduced in Singapore.

Descriptive notes

23 cm. Small myna with striking black-and-white plumage; feathers of forehead, crown and nape hackled, and nape feathers elongated to form erectile crest. Nominate race is... read more


Flight call a high-pitched whistle, "tsoowit"or "tsoowee"; alarm a harsh "... read more


Cultivated lands, fallow fields, grazing land, lawns and orchards, to c. 1300 m; recorded in E Java... read more

Food and feeding

Diet fruit, nectar and insects. Mantids (Mantodea) recorded, also nectar of Pithecellobium dulce, and fruits of Fagraea... read more


Season Jan and Mar–May in W Java; recorded in Feb in most of Bali, but Jun in E of island. Presumed monogamous; this supported by... read more


Presumed resident; local movements in response to flowering and fruiting of forest trees.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Rare and local; has declined markedly since at least 1960s. Status on Lombok uncertain; very few records, and these may refer to vagrants or perhaps to... read more

Recommended citation

Craig, A., Feare, C., de Juana, E. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Black-winged Myna (Acridotheres melanopterus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 January 2018).