Family Coursers, Pratincoles (Glareolidae)

Near Threatened

Black-winged Pratincole (Glareola nordmanni)


French: Glaréole à ailes noires German: Schwarzflügel-Brachschwalbe Spanish: Canastera alinegra

Glareola Nordmanni

J. G. Fischer von Waldheim

, 1842,

steppes of southern Russia


Closely related to G. maldivarum and G. pratincola (although some range overlap with latter). At one time erroneously regarded as a colour morph of G. pratincola, with which has been known to hybridize#R; also, on occasion, considered a race of G. pratincola. Monotypic.


SE Europe through Ukraine to SW Russia and N Kazakhstan, sporadically in Belarus, Hungary and Azerbaijan. Winters in S Africa and, more irregularly, in W Africa.

Descriptive notes

23–26 cm; 84–105 g; wingspan 60–68 cm. Above brown with olive tinge, and white rump; flight feathers and deeply forked tail black; throat ochre-yellow with... read more


Surprisingly poorly known. In flight (including on migration), gives a squeaky “keye-kiche” or “ti-... read more


In Eurasian breeding areas inhabits saline and alkaline steppes, grassland, ploughed and arable... read more

Food and feeding

Locusts, grasshoppers, crickets and beetles, also flying ants, termites, wasps, bees, dragonflies, flies and other insects. Forages mainly... read more


Lays May–Jul in Black Sea region. Nests in loose colonies of < 10 to 100s of pairs on open ground, usually near water, often with... read more


Long-distance migrant from Eurasia to W & S Africa, chiefly South Africa, Namibia and Botswana... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Has declined markedly (see below) and now requires close monitoring. Total world population estimated at just... read more

Recommended citation

Maclean, G.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Black-winged Pratincole (Glareola nordmanni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 January 2019).