French: Pic noir German: Schwarzspecht Spanish: Picamaderos negro
Europe = Sweden
Subspecies and Distribution
D. m. martius
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Europe from Spain, France and Scandinavia (N to Arctic Circle) S to Balkans and N Turkey, and E in broad belt across Asian taiga (S to Altai Mts, N Mongolia) to Kamchatka, Sakhalin and Japan (Hokkaido, extreme N Honshu), NE China and Korea; also Caucasus and N Iran.
D. m. khamensis
(Buturlin, 1908) – SC China (Qinghai and E Tibet to NW Yunnan).
45–55 cm; 250–370 g. Very large. Male has red central forehead to hindcrown, a few grey feather bases sometimes showing through; rest of plumage black, head and... read more
Loud “krry-krry-krry” in flight, “ke-yaa” on landing and when perched;... read more
All types of mature forest, so long as not extremely dense and gloomy; also forest edge. Spruce (... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly ants (Camponotus, Formica, Lasius) and their brood; at least locally, may switch from Camponotus... read more
Laying mid-Mar to mid-May, but sexual activities may begin in mid-Jan; long period of pair-formation, during which final location of nest... read more
Resident in most areas, and even N populations only partially migratory; juvenile dispersal more... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common in some W parts of range, but more uncommon in E. Estimated population of c. 316,000 pairs in European Russia and c. 233,000 pairs in... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!