Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)


Blackish-headed Spinetail (Synallaxis tithys)


French: Synallaxe tithys German: Schwarzgesicht-Dickichtschlüpfer Spanish: Pijuí cabecinegro

Synallaxis tithys


, 1877,

Lechugal, Tumbes, Peru




SW Ecuador (S from SW Manabí and C Loja) and extreme NW Peru (Tumbes, Piura).

Descriptive notes

16–17 cm; 14–18 g. The only Synallaxis having a black forecrown. Has front of head black, hindcrown and upper back dark grey, blending to dark brownish... read more


Song a short, dry trill, “t-t-t-t-t-tit”, c. 1 second long, often repeated every few... read more


Tropical deciduous forest; in undergrowth of deciduous forest, second growth, and adjacent scrub;... read more

Food and feeding

Recorded dietary items are Coleoptera, Orthoptera and Hymenoptera. Usually in pairs, rarely in mixed-species flocks. Gleans arthropods from... read more


Presumably breeds during Jan–Apr wet season; laying apparently in Mar, and juvenile trapped in Aug. Presumably monogamous. Nest a... read more


Resident; some suggestion of local elevational movements.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Tumbesian Region EBA. Uncommon to common. In Ecuador, fairly common in Arenillas Military Reserve, uncommon in Machalilla... read more

Recommended citation

Remsen, J.V., Jr & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Blackish-headed Spinetail (Synallaxis tithys). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 December 2019).