Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Near Threatened

Blue-and-gold Tanager (Bangsia arcaei)


French: Tangara jaune et bleu German: Gelbbauch-Bergtangare Spanish: Tangara de Arcé

Buthraupis arcæi

P. L. Sclater and Salvin

, 1869,

Cordillera del Chucú, Veraguas, Panama


See B. flavovirens. Recent specimens apparently of present species from Colombia may represent an undescribed form; study required. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • B. a. caeruleigularis (Ridgway, 1893) – Caribbean slope of Costa Rica from extreme SE Guanacaste S to Cartago (including slopes of volcanoes Turrialba, Irazú, Barba and Poás).
  • B. a. arcaei (P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1869) – W & E Panama (locally in C Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí and both slopes in Veraguas E to Coclé; vicinity of Cerro Jefe, also Cerro Brewster, in W San Blas).
  • Also, race unknown, extreme NW Colombia (E side of Cerro Tacarcuna, in Acandí)#R.

    Descriptive notes

    15 cm; two birds 34·6 g and 39·9 g. Colourful tanager with bill strong and heavy for size of bird. Nominate race has crown and side of head cobalt-blue, lores black,... read more


    Song a halting series of high, thin notes and lispy, tinny whistles, “tip-sére, tip-séere, tip-... read more


    Humid and wet foothill forest and pre-montane forest, and shrubs along forest borders; infrequently... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mostly arthropods and fruit. Takes variety of small fruits, and seen also to pluck flowers of epiphytes (e.g. Satyria) and squeeze... read more


    Two nests recorded, one with young in Jul in Panama and one under construction in Apr in Costa Rica. Covered nest 10–12 m above ground, in... read more


    Apparently resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Costa Rica and Panama Highlands EBA and Darién Highlands EBA.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2019). Blue-and-gold Tanager (Bangsia arcaei). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 May 2019).