French: Hirondelle bleu et blanc German: Schwarzsteißschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina barranquera
Subspecies and Distribution
P. c. cyanoleuca
(Vieillot, 1817) – Blue-and-white Swallow – Costa Rica and Panama (highlands), Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, and from Ecuador, N & EC Peru and C & NE Brazil S to NW Argentina (Tucumán), Paraguay and Uruguay.
P. c. peruviana
Chapman, 1922 – coastal Peru.
P. c. patagonica
(d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – Patagonian Swallow – from C Chile and C Argentina S to Tierra del Fuego; in non-breeding season N South America (S to N Chile and N Argentina) and S Central America (Panama).
12–13 cm; 9–15 g. Has crown and upperparts glossy steel-blue; wings and tail blackish, tail slightly forked; white below, grey wash on sides; undertail-coverts... read more
Song is a series of weak buzzing and squeaking notes; also a contact call “tseet” and... read more
Occurs in open and semi-open country, in forest clearings, and around cultivation and human... read more
Food and feeding
In Venezuela, adult diet 71% Hymenoptera (mainly flying ants, parasitic wasps), as well as flies (Diptera), beetles (Coleoptera),... read more
Mostly Jan–Jun/Jul in N, before main rainy season, with peaks in Feb–Apr, Jun-early Aug and Sept–Dec in SE Colombia;... read more
Resident in N, migratory in S. Forms large post-breeding flocks of tens or hundreds. Race ... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widespread and common; sometimes very abundant, especially in highlands and in S of range. A common hirundine in towns and cultivated areas. Readily... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!