Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Blue-and-yellow Macaw (Ara ararauna)


French: Ara bleu German: Gelbbrustara Spanish: Guacamayo azuliamarillo
Other common names: Blue-and-gold Macaw

Psittacus Ararauna


, 1758,

South America = Pernambuco, Brazil




E Panama through Colombia, E & S Venezuela, the Guianas, E Ecuador, E Peru and N Bolivia to Brazil (S to W Paraná#R); formerly occurred in Trinidad (recently reintroduced), and apparently in Paraguay and N Argentina; also listed for W Ecuador, where probably extinct.

Descriptive notes

81–86 cm; 995–1380 g. Forehead to mid-crown dull green shading into blue on rest of upperparts, wings and tail; bare face white with thin dark feathered transverse... read more


Loud raucous cries including harsh “raaa” in flight. Most calls rather guttural with a wavering... read more


Seasonally flooded várzea forest and gallery forest, Mauritia palm stands... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of Spondias, Terminalia, Hura, Enterolobium, Inga, Parkia, Platypodium... read more


Evidence of breeding Dec–Feb in Colombia, Jan–Mar in Surinam, and Apr–May on Trinidad; in Guyana, eggs laid around Feb,... read more


Seasonal foraging may take birds into semi-open country (in Colombia this typically happens in wet... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Fairly common still in much of range, with a density of 1 pair/km² in Manu National Park, Peru. However, less numerous... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Blue-and-yellow Macaw (Ara ararauna). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).