Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Blue-and-yellow Tanager (Pipraeidea bonariensis)


French: Tangara fourchu German: Schwarzstirntangare Spanish: Tangara naranjera

Loxia bonariensis

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Buenos Aires, Argentina


Until recently placed in Thraupis. Usually considered conspecific with P. darwinii. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. b. composita (J. T. Zimmer, 1944) – C Bolivia (Cochabamba and Santa Cruz).
  • P. b. schulzei (Brodkorb, 1938) – SE Bolivia, extreme W Paraguay and NW Argentina (S to Mendoza, La Pampa, and San Antonio Oeste, in N Río Negro); non-breeding also SE Bolivia, N Argentina and Paraguay.
  • P. b. bonariensis (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – SE Brazil (S São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay and E Argentina (S to Buenos Aires Province); non-breeding also SE Bolivia, N Argentina and Paraguay.
  • Descriptive notes

    17 cm; 28–46·5 g. A mostly open-country tanager that becomes much brighter in plumage in S portion of range. Male nominate race has head, neck and throat bright cornflower-... read more


    Song (in Argentina) a loud, sweet and remarkably musical but rather repetitive “swéét-sur, swéét-... read more


    Wide range of habitats, from humid and wet cloudforest borders and humid second-growth woodland to... read more

    Food and feeding

    Takes both fruit and insects; most often seen in fruiting trees or shrubs, and at cactus fruits, and in settled areas eats a variety of... read more


    Breeding dates range from Apr in Peru to Nov–Dec in Bolivia; Mar and Apr in Chile, Dec and Jan in Argentina, and Nov–Jan in Uruguay and... read more


    S breeders migratory, most moving N out of Argentina during austral winter; possibly migratory also... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common and widespread over almost all of its extensive range. Has profited from deforestation, settlement and other human activities. In some areas... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. & de Juana, E. (2019). Blue-and-yellow Tanager (Pipraeidea bonariensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 May 2019).