Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Blue-and-yellow Tanager (Pipraeidea bonariensis)


French: Tangara fourchu German: Schwarzstirntangare Spanish: Tangara naranjera

Loxia bonariensis

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Buenos Aires, Argentina


Until recently placed in Thraupis. Usually considered conspecific with P. darwinii. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. b. composita (J. T. Zimmer, 1944) – C Bolivia (Cochabamba and Santa Cruz).
  • P. b. schulzei (Brodkorb, 1938) – SE Bolivia, extreme W Paraguay and NW Argentina (S to Mendoza, La Pampa, and San Antonio Oeste, in N Río Negro); non-breeding also SE Bolivia, N Argentina and Paraguay.
  • P. b. bonariensis (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – SE Brazil (S São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay and E Argentina (S to Buenos Aires Province); non-breeding also SE Bolivia, N Argentina and Paraguay.
  • Descriptive notes

    15·5–19 cm; 24·9–46·5 g. A mostly open-country tanager. Male nominate race has head, neck and throat bright cornflower-blue, narrow line over bill, lores, around eye and chin... read more


    Song (in Argentina) a loud, sweet and remarkably musical but rather repetitive “swéét-sur, swéét-... read more


    From humid and wet cloudforest borders, Polylepis woodland, and humid second-growth... read more

    Food and feeding

    Takes both fruit and insects (including winged termites); most often seen in fruiting trees or shrubs, and at cactus fruits (Bolivia), and... read more


    Breeding dates range from Nov–Dec in Bolivia; Mar and Apr in Chile, Dec–Feb in NW Argentina, and Nov–Jan in Uruguay and Brazil (Rio Grande... read more


    S breeders migratory, most moving N out of Argentina during austral winter; possibly migratory also... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common and widespread over almost all of its extensive range. In Brazil, recently confirmed to also occur in SE Mato Grosso do Sul,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S., de Juana, E. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Blue-and-yellow Tanager (Pipraeidea bonariensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).