French: Évêque bleu-noir German: Stahlkardinal Spanish: Picogrueso negriazul
Subspecies and Distribution
C. c. concreta
du Bus de Gisignies, 1855 – SE Mexico (Veracruz and N Oaxaca E to S Yucatán Peninsula), N Guatemala, Belize and Honduras.
C. c. caerulescens
(Todd, 1923) – Nicaragua S to W Panama.
C. c. cyanoides
(Lafresnaye, 1847) – C & E Panama, NW Venezuela (from Zulia and both slopes of Andes E to Miranda) and N & W Colombia S (W of E Andes) to NW Peru (Tumbes, Piura#R).
17–18·5 cm; 23–32 g (nominate), mean 32·5 g (concreta). Male nominate race is rich deep blue above, rump somewhat paler blue, forehead and... read more
Song varies somewhat geographically: in Honduras 7–8 clear, flute-like notes, the first 4–5 rising... read more
Humid evergreen forest, moist thickets, and dense vegetation; recorded also, however, in dry scrub... read more
Food and feeding
Diet probably mostly vegetable, including grass and bamboo seeds, maize (Zea mays), fruit (e.g. Trophis racemosa) and... read more
Nestbuilding in Costa Rica starts in late Mar or Apr, earlier in wet Caribbean lowlands, but mostly in Jul–Aug; season mid Mar to Jul in... read more
Apparently sedentary, but there is one record from the lower E Andes of Colombia, in Arauca, where... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to fairly common in much of its range; widespread. Possibly benefits from presence of small grain fields alongside forested... read more
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