Family Fairy-wrens (Maluridae)

Least Concern

Blue-breasted Fairy-wren (Malurus pulcherrimus)


French: Mérion à gorge bleue German: Blaubrust-Staffelschwanz Spanish: Maluro pechiazul

Malurus pulcherrimus


, 1844,

Western Australia = Wongan Hills, south Western Australia


See M. elegans. On basis of DNA data#R, sister to pairing of M. lamberti and M. amabilis. In past, confused with race assimilis of M. lamberti and then considered closely allied to that species. Monotypic.


SW & S Australia in diagonal belt from S Western Australia E to extreme SW South Australia and, disjunctly, Eyre Peninsula.

Descriptive notes

13·5–15 cm; 9–10 g. Male in Bright plumage has crown, upper back and ear-tufts violet-cobalt, lores, nape, collar and lower back black, narrow blue orbital... read more


Song a rather quiet reel, like that of others in “chestnut-shouldered group”. Contact... read more


Tall sand-plain heath and eucalypt woodland (Eucalyptus wandoo) with adequate understorey. read more

Food and feeding

Insectivorous; eats beetles (Coleoptera), including weevils (Curculionidae), also flies (Diptera), ants and wasps (Hymenoptera), and... read more


Aug–Jan; female lays 1–4 clutches per year, renests after failure, may raise two broods. Socially monogamous but probably... read more


Resident. Disperses in random directions; females travel farther.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally fairly common; appears able to survive widespread clearance of habitat for wheat-growing if sufficient patches of suitable... read more

Recommended citation

Rowley, I., Russell, E. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Blue-breasted Fairy-wren (Malurus pulcherrimus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 November 2018).