French: Évêque paré German: Lasurkardinal Spanish: Picogrueso azul
Alvarado, Veracruz, Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
C. p. indigotica
(Ridgway, 1887) – Turquoise-fronted Bunting – W Mexico from C Sinaloa S on Pacific slope to S Oaxaca and extreme SW Chiapas.
C. p. beneplacita
Bangs, 1915 – NE Mexico (Nuevo León and extreme W Tamaulipas).
C. p. lucida
Sutton & Burleigh, 1939 – NE Mexico (S interior Tamaulipas).
C. p. parellina
(Bonaparte, 1850) – Blue Bunting – E Mexico (from Veracruz, E Puebla and N Oaxaca E to Tabasco, C Chiapas and Yucatán Peninsula) S to NW Nicaragua.
13–14 cm; male 11–24 g, female 9·8–21 g (nominate). Male nominate race has forehead bright sky-blue, becoming deeper blue with darker feather bases... read more
Song a sweet, rather sad warble, often with one or two separate notes at start, fading away at end... read more
Forest edge, scrubby areas, undergrowth of tall forest, and thickets. Sea-level to 1800 m in Mexico... read more
Food and feeding
No published data on diet. Feeds singly and in pairs, low down in understorey.
Birds in breeding condition in May in Belize. Nest a cup of rootlets, grass and plant tendrils, placed at low to medium level in bush.... read more
Apparently mainly sedentary. Several records of vagrants in S USA (Texas, Louisiana), at distances... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common in much of range. Fairly common in Guatemala, where no records prior to 1906. Reported occurrence in Costa Rica in 2007... read more
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