Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Blue Eared-pheasant (Crossoptilon auritum)


French: Hokki bleu German: Blauer Ohrfasan Spanish: Faisán orejudo azul

Phasianus auritus


, 1811,

interior of China = Sigu, Gansu


Genetic distance (mtDNA) from C. mantchuricum very small in one study#R; another study found genetic distances among all four species of Crossoptilon to be moderate and confirmed close relationship between present species and C. mantchuricum#R. Monotypic


C & NC China from E Qinghai E through Gansu to Inner Mongolia (Helan Shan), and S to W Sichuan and extreme NE Tibet (Tanggula Mts).

Descriptive notes

c. 96 cm; male 1700–2110 g, female 1450–1880 g; tail 49–56 cm. Distinctive combination of grey rump and white bases to several outer pairs of rectrices... read more


Territorial call of male a series of 4–5 harsh- or hoarse-sounding crows, the first sounding... read more


Coniferous and mixed forests, and among junipers and in scrub on alpine meadows above treeline,... read more

Food and feeding

Predominantly vegetarian; takes buds and leaves of barberries, stems and roots of young grasses, and various herb species; nine stomachs... read more


Season Apr–June. Mating system assumed to be monogamous, with flocks disbanding in spring. Nest a slight depression (32–38 cm... read more


No definite information available, although the species is stated to descend to some extent in... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: safe. Common throughout range, with no cause for concern. Little information on which to base population estimates, but... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Blue Eared-pheasant (Crossoptilon auritum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).