Family Gannets, Boobies (Sulidae)

Least Concern

Blue-footed Booby (Sula nebouxii)


French: Fou à pieds bleus German: Blaufußtölpel Spanish: Piquero camanay

Sula nebouxii

A. Milne-Edwards

, 1882,

Pacific coast of America, possibly Chile


Apparently hybridizes with S. variegata in N Peru#R, but rarely and locally#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. n. nebouxii A Milne-Edwards, 1882 – E Pacific, in scattered breeding colonies from Gulf of California and Panama S to N Peru.
  • S. n. excisa Todd, 1948 – Galapagos Is.
  • Descriptive notes

    71–84 cm; wingspan 148–166 cm. Adult has forehead mostly white due to large pale tips to feathers, umber-brown lateral fringes visible on rest of head and neck... read more


    Male call a variable whistle, sometimes piercing, sometimes softer and even husky, repeated rapidly... read more


    Strictly marine. Nests along rocky coasts, on cliffs and islets, in areas with little or no... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fish, including sardines (Sardinops sagax), anchovies (Engraulis) and mackerel (Scomber japonicus); also flying-... read more


    Seasonal in places, otherwise opportunistic. Usually nests on ground, but sometimes in vegetation, and forms rather large colonies. Nest a... read more


    Any movements are linked mostly with distribution of food supplies: if food abundant, birds mainly... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Global population estimated at only c. 30,000 breeding pairs in 1970s, thus rather small, but likely an underestimate. More recently... read more

    Recommended citation

    Carboneras, C., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Blue-footed Booby (Sula nebouxii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).