Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Blue-fronted Lancebill (Doryfera johannae)


French: Porte-lance de Jeanne German: Blaustirn-Lanzettschnabel Spanish: Colibrí picolanza menor

Trochilus Johannæ


, 1847,



Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • D. j. johannae (Bourcier, 1847) – E slope of E Andes from CE Colombia S to C (Junín) & SE Peru (Cusco and Madre de Dios)#R.
  • D. j. guianensis (Boucard, 1893) – tepuis of S Venezuela, W Guyana and adjacent N Brazil (Amazonas#R, Roraima).
  • Descriptive notes

    9·6–11 cm; one male 3·9 g, female 3·9–4·1 g (nominate), male 3–5 g, female 3·3–6 g (guianensis). Long (25... read more


    Gives thin, dry, chittering notes while foraging, e.g. “chuert”, but song is apparently undescribed. read more


    In E Andes, prefers wet forests of lower mountain slopes, foothills and adjacent lowlands,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Hovers to visit pendulous, tubular flowers of epiphytic Ericaceae (Satyria, Psammisia), Loranthaceae (Psittacanthus... read more


    In SE Ecuador, nest deep in a partially open cave (1·5 m from base of 75 m shaft) with a single egg in mid Jul and nestbuilding (by... read more


    No information available; presumably sedentary, but may show some seasonal altitudinal movements. read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Its preferred foothill elevations have been severely deforested over much of Colombian range. Uncommon to fairly common in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Stiles, F.G. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Blue-fronted Lancebill (Doryfera johannae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).