probably Cayenne, French Guiana.
Commonly treated (along with T. sayaca, T. glaucocolpa, T. cyanoptera, T. whitelyi, T. abbas, T. ornata and T. palmarum) in Thraupis (see Genus Tangara). Formerly known as T. virens, but present name (of same date) given priority. Sometimes considered conspecific with T. sayaca and/or T. glaucocolpa, but believed to differ vocally from T. sayaca and differs markedly from T. glaucocolpa in plumage, voice and habitat; extent, if any, to which race beniensis of T. sayaca overlaps in N Bolivia with present species, with which it shares some plumage features (e.g. white on shoulder), requires investigation. Some geographical variation within present species is significant, and races grouped here under name cana might well merit species rank (especially as they appear, superficially at least, closer to T. sayaca than to races grouped under episcopus), whereas several races seem barely worthy of recognition; full review warranted. Race ehrenreichi long treated as synonymous with coelestis but now known to be distinct, but mediana might be a synonym of ehrenreichi. With merging of Thraupis and Tangara, subspecies names berlepschi and urubambae become preoccupied; recently replaced by new names prysjonesi and johntoddzimmeri respectively#R. Fourteen subspecies provisionally recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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