French: Guiraca bleu German: Azurfink Spanish: Azulillo grande
South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
P. c. salicaria
(Grinnell, 1911) – SW USA (C & S California, WC Nevada and SW Arizona) and extreme NW Mexico (NW Baja California); migrates to S Baja California and W Mexico (S Sonora S to Guerrero and Morelos).
P. c. interfusa
(Dwight & Griscom, 1927) – W USA (SC North Dakota S to Arizona and New Mexico) and N Mexico (C Sinaloa, Durango and N Coahuila); migrates to W Mexico (Sonora and Durango) S to Honduras.
P. c. caerulea
(Linnaeus, 1758) – E USA from Kansas, Kentucky, SE Pennsylvania and S New Jersey S to C & S Texas, Louisiana, Alabama and C Florida; migrates to E & S Mexico S to Panama and West Indies.
P. c. eurhyncha
(Coues, 1874) – C & S Mexico from S Tamaulipas S to Oaxaca.
P. c. deltarhyncha
(van Rossem, 1938) – Pacific slope in Mexico from S Sonora S to Guerrero.
P. c. chiapensis
(Nelson, 1898) – S Mexico (E Oaxaca and Chiapas) E to S Guatemala.
P. c. lazula
(Lesson, 1842) – S Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras S through Pacific drainage to NW Costa Rica.
15–19 cm; male 22–40·5 g, female 23–32·5 g. Breeding plumage attained through feather wear; after breeding, moults into fresh plumage (... read more
Song, from elevated perch or within cover, a series of rich warbled notes, in sequence lasting for... read more
In E North America inhabits forest edge, regenerating farmland and open-pit mines, streamsides etc... read more
Food and feeding
Diet mixed animal and vegetable; in one extensive study of stomach contents of birds of all ages, 32% vegetable and 68% animal. Seeds of... read more
Virtually all studies have been on North American populations; few data on Middle American races. First egg dates from mid-Apr in... read more
N races (nominate, salicaria and interfusa) totally migratory; other races appear... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Reasonably common, but never regarded as an abundant species. Fairly common over much of its USA range; fairly common to common... read more
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