Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Blue-headed Hummingbird (Cyanophaia bicolor)


French: Colibri à tête bleue German: Blaukopfkolibri Spanish: Colibrí bicolor

Trochilus bicolor

J. F. Gmelin

, 1788,

Guadeloupe; error = Dominica




Dominica and Martinique, in C Lesser Antilles.

Descriptive notes

9–11 cm; male 4·7 g, female 4·5 g. Male has straight black bill, pinkish red on basal portion of lower mandible; head metallic violet-blue, back shining... read more


Calls include shrill, metallic notes, rapidly descending in pitch, and a metallic “click-click-... read more


Virgin forest, forest edges and along secondary growth of rivers in the mountains. Rare at sea-... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering plants from ground to tree tops, such as Pachystachys, Asclepias, Begonia, Costus... read more


Mar–May. Cup-shaped nest of fine plant fibres like fluff from silk-cotton tree or brown soft parts from outer cover of tree ferns,... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Lesser Antilles EBA. Patchy distribution on both islands. Densities in rainforest... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2019). Blue-headed Hummingbird (Cyanophaia bicolor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).