Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Blue-headed Macaw (Primolius couloni)


French: Ara de Coulon German: Blaukopfara Spanish: Guacamayo cabeciazul

Ara couloni

P. L. Sclater

, 1876,

eastern Peru


Closely related to P. auricollis and P. maracana; has sometimes been considered conspecific with latter. Monotypic.


E Peru (S Loreto) and extreme W Brazil (Acre, Rondônia) S to N Bolivia (Pando, La Paz, marginally Beni)#R.

Descriptive notes

41 cm; 207–294 g. Head blue; small bare facial patch from bill around eye greyish; body green; edge of wing, primary-coverts and flight-feathers blue; tail above dull... read more


Flight call is a distinctive, fairly mellow, rolling “graaa”, often in series. When perched, a... read more


Edge of humid lowland evergreen forest, along rivers and by clearings and other breaks in... read more

Food and feeding

No information.


Young birds observed in company of adults in Apr.


Occurrence in lowland SE Peru erratic.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. One of the least known of South American parrots. Lack of reliable population data has make accurate assessment difficult: not considered a conservation... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Blue-headed Macaw (Primolius couloni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).