Family Mockingbirds and Thrashers (Mimidae)

Least Concern

Blue Mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens)


French: Moqueur bleu German: Blauspottdrossel Spanish: Mulato azul

Orpheus caerulescens


, 1827,



In the past sometimes considered conspecific with M. hypoleucus, but this based on aberrant specimens of race longirostris. Proposed race effuticus (from W Mexico) generally regarded as indistinguishable from nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. c. caerulescens (Swainson, 1827) – W, E & S Mexico (Sonora and SE Chihuahua S to Oaxaca, and SW Tamaulipas S to Puebla and W Veracruz).
  • M. c. longirostris Nelson, 1898 – Tres Marías Is, off W Mexico.
  • Descriptive notes

    24–26·5 cm; 50–69 g. Medium-sized mimid with short, rounded wings and long tail. Plumage is overall deep blue, streaked paler blue on crown, throat and chest;... read more


    Unmistakable song, usually from dense cover, an extended string of repeated phrases of richly... read more


    Brushy riparian areas in arid Pacific-coast lowlands; tall, variously dense thorn-scrub, low... read more

    Food and feeding

    Omnivorous, though probably largely insectivorous in breeding season. Feeds low in vegetation or on ground; forages energetically in leaf... read more


    Apr–Jul on mainland and Jun–Aug on Tres Marías Is; no information on number of broods per season. Nest an open cup of coarse,... read more


    Resident; no routine seasonal movements documented, although vagrants recorded in SW USA, several... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common. Routinely encountered in preferred habitat from Sonora S to Oaxaca; common in Nayarit, Jalisco and Colima. Race ... read more

    Recommended citation

    Cody, M. (2019). Blue Mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 May 2019).