Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Near Threatened

Blue-naped Parrot (Tanygnathus lucionensis)


French: Perruche de Luçon German: Blaunackenpapagei Spanish: Loro nuquiazul

Psittacus lucionensis


, 1766,

Luzon, Philippines


Possibly forms a species-pair with T. megalorynchos. Additional proposed races paraguenus, koikei, moro, nigrorum and siquijorensis are included within salvadorii. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. l. lucionensis (Linnaeus, 1766) – Luzon and Mindoro (N Philippines).
  • T. l. hybridus Salomonsen, 1952 – Polillo (off E Luzon).
  • T. l. salvadorii Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 – Philippines (except N), but may be rare or extinct on many islands; also on some small islands off NW & NE Borneo (Si Amil, Mantanani), where possibly introduced, especially on latter.
  • T. l. horrisonus Bangs & J. L. Peters, 1927 – Maratua I, off E Borneo.
  • T. l. talautensis A. B. Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1895 – Talaud Is (S of Philippines); recorded in Sangihe Is, but probably an escape#R.
  • Feral population (presumably race salvadorii) around Kota Kinabalu, W Sabah, in N Borneo.

    Descriptive notes

    31 cm; 148–231 g. Green, brighter on head and rump; bill red; mid-crown to nape pale blue; back suffused blue; bend of wing black, lesser wing-coverts black with broad... read more


    Flight call a grating “krreh…krreh…krreh…”. When perched, vocabulary includes several nasal... read more


    Lowland forest up to 1000 m, secondary forest and scattered trees within agricultural lands close... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruits and seeds of forest trees, palm fruit, young coconuts, bananas and papaya.


    Apr–Jun. Nest in natural cavity or in deserted hole of large woodpecker, often in a clearing. No information on clutch size, but size... read more


    No information. Populations confined to small islands must be highly sedentary, but regular... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened, and previously, Endangered. CITES II. Possibly now extinct on Negros and Siquijor, and very rare on... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Blue-naped Parrot (Tanygnathus lucionensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).