French: Monticole bleu German: Blaumerle Spanish: Roquero solitario
Subspecies and Distribution
M. s. solitarius
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Western Blue Rock-thrush – NW Africa, S Europe (E to Italy and N Balkans), N Turkey, Caucasus and Transcaucasia; non-breeding also N Africa and Arabia.
M. s. longirostris
(Blyth, 1847) – Greece, W & S Turkey and Levant E to Tien Shan, Afghanistan and NW Himalayas (N Pakistan and Kashmir); non-breeding also Arabia, NE Africa E to NW India.
M. s. pandoo
(Sykes, 1832) – C Himalayas, S, C & E China (including Hainan) and N Vietnam; non-breeding S & SE Asia S to Greater Sundas.
M. s. philippensis
(Statius Müller, 1776) – Eastern Blue Rock-thrush – E Mongolia, NE China, Korea, Sakhalin, S Kuril Is, Japan, Ryukyu Is, coastal Taiwan and N Philippines (Batanes Is); non-breeding SE China (including Hainan and Taiwan), SE Asia and Philippines S to Sundas, Moluccas and Palau.
M. s. madoci
Chasen, 1940 – extreme S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and N Sumatra.
20–23 cm; 37–70 g. Male nominate race is deep blue, darker and browner on wings and tail. Female variable, usually much duller above, generally blue-grey, often... read more
Song (by both sexes, chiefly by male) melodious and rich, a short series of individually varied... read more
Breeds on precipitous cliffs, in steep rocky valleys and defiles, ravines and gorges, on crags,... read more
Food and feeding
Invertebrates, small vertebrates, and fruit. Mainly insects, including grasshoppers, locusts, crickets, mole-crickets, adult and larval... read more
Mar–Jul in NW Africa, end Apr to mid-Jul in Iberia and end Feb to mid-Jun in Israel; Jun–Jul in Afghanistan, Apr–Jul in... read more
Sedentary, partial migrant, altitudinal migrant and intercontinental migrant; nocturnal migrant,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Total population in Europe in mid-1990s estimated at 40,675–61,602 pairs, with additional 5000–50,000 pairs in Turkey. By 2000 total... read more
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