Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Near Threatened

Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus)


French: Perruche à croupion bleu German: Blaubürzelpapagei Spanish: Lorito dorsiazul

Psittacus cyanurus

J. R. Forster

, 1795,



Hitherto treated as conspecific with P. abbotti (which see). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. c. cyanurus (J. R. Forster, 1795) – extreme S Myanmar and S Thailand S through Peninsular Malaysia and Riau and Lingga Archipelagos to Sumatra, Bangka and Borneo; apparently also in Indochina in 19th century.
  • P. c. pontius Oberholser, 1912 – Mentawai Is, off W Sumatra.
  • Descriptive notes

    18–19·5 cm. Upper mandible red (lower duller); head lavender-blue; underparts greyish olive with a yellow pectoral tuft, shading ventrally to yellowish green;... read more


    Flight call is a shrill, sharp chittering, two- or three-noted “chi, chi, chi”, “whee-chi-chi... read more


    Plains-level primary and logged rainforest, forest edge and clearings, oil-palm, rubber and coconut... read more

    Food and feeding

    Poorly documented. Mesocarp of oil-palm fruits extracted individually from the bunch, fruits of Macaranga rhizinoides and seeds of... read more


    Nest inspection recorded late Nov and Feb, with eggs in May; May–Sept in Borneo. Nest in a small natural hole 30 m or more in live... read more


    Long-distance, possibly nomadic dispersal suspected: birds may have very large home ranges or else... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Currently considered Near Threatened. Global population thought to be > 100,000 individuals, but declining. Restricted to lowland forest... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).