Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Critically Endangered

Blue-throated Macaw (Ara glaucogularis)


French: Ara canindé German: Blaukehlara Spanish: Guacamayo barbiazul

Ara glaucogularis


, 1921,

Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia


Taxonomic status long unclear, largely because species was unknown in the wild to ornithologists until 1990s; was once considered an aberrant form of A. ararauna, but the two now known to occur sympatrically without interbreeding. In the past, present species has been referred to as A. caninde; this name is probably a synonym of A. ararauna. Monotypic.


N Bolivia E of upper R Mamoré in Llanos de Mojos (Beni).

Descriptive notes

85 cm; 600–800 g. Very similar to A. ararauna, but lighter and thinner tailed, crown all blue, and bare facial patch (pinkish around base of bill) almost... read more


Loud raucous calls, but higher-pitched and rather softer than A. ararauna, so that the two... read more


Seasonally inundated savanna with groves of Attalea phalerata and A. princeps... read more

Food and feeding

Mesocarp of fruits of Attalea and Acrocomia palms, occasionally opening unripe Attalea nuts to drink liquid... read more


At the Llanos de Moxos, Beni, laying Aug–Dec, during the end of dry season and the beginning of the wet season, with nests in holes... read more


No information.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. CITES I. Restricted-range species, occurring in two disjunct areas of N Bolivia, separated by várzea forests of the R Mamoré. N... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Blue-throated Macaw (Ara glaucogularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2019).