Family Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows (Cracidae)

Least Concern

Blue-throated Piping-guan (Pipile cumanensis)


French: Pénélope à gorge bleue German: Blaukehlguan Spanish: Pava goliazul

Crax cumanensis


, 1784,

Orinoco River region near Cumaná [sic]; based on a live bird in the Imperial Menageries at Vienna#R


Present species and P. grayi are very closely related to P. pipile, these and P. cujubi often being treated as conspecific (with P. pipile as species name); some authors also include the more distinct P. jacutinga. Taxon grayi usually considered a subspecies of P. cumanensis, but here regarded as a separate species on basis of having crown white with black shaft streaks vs whitish with broad buff shaft streaks, and white extending farther down neck (2), throat with slender dangling whitish-grey wattle (3), wing patch (outer greater upperwing-coverts) solidly white vs barred black on white (2), and upperparts lightly glossed dark green vs dark blue (ns[1]); cumanensis intergrades with P. grayi in SE Peru. P. cujubi nattereri has been considered a race of present species. Name P. jacou is a synonym of cumanensis. Monotypic.



Venezuela S of R Orinoco (with one record from NE Venezuela, in Monagas#R), the Guianas, NW Brazil and Amazonian parts of C & E Colombia, E Ecuador, Peru and perhaps N Bolivia.

Descriptive notes

60–69 cm; 970–1350 g. Blacker and glossier than P. pipile; mostly glossy greenish-blue, crown whitish with broad buff shaft streaks; black... read more


Song and accompanying wing-whirring display given mainly (though not exclusively)... read more


Humid terra firme and várzea forest, and gallery forest 15–20 m tall... read more

Food and feeding

Shows preference for figs and palm fruits, but also regularly feeds on leaves of e.g. Trichanthera (Melastomataceae), Cecropia... read more


In Peru, starts in Aug–Sept, with nests in Nov–Feb and chicks in Jan–Mar; in Colombia, eggs in Feb and May, and chicks in... read more


Presumably mainly sedentary. Possibly makes some altitudinal movements in search of fruiting trees. read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Typically fairly common in its lowland-forest habitat wherever hunting pressure is minimal. Locally fairly common in Guyana;... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Blue-throated Piping-guan (Pipile cumanensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 February 2020).