Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius)


French: Toui de Spix German: Blauflügel-Sperlingspapagei Spanish: Cotorrita aliazul

Psittaculus xanthopterygius


, 1824,

Minas Gerais, Brazil


Hitherto generally considered conspecific with F. spengeli (which see). Proposed race olallae (R Amazon in EC Amazonas) included within crassirostris; vividus is a synonym of xanthopterygius. Species previously listed as F. crassirostris, because name xanthopterygius was shown to have been applied to two specimens of different genera (one an immature of Brotogeris chiriri); however, in order to preserve stability of nomenclature, a lectotype for the extensively used name xanthopterygius has been designated, making this once again the correct name for present species#R. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • F. x. crassirostris (Taczanowski, 1883) – extreme SE Colombia, E Ecuador and NE Peru to W Brazil (E to R Madeira).
  • F. x. flavescens (Salvadori, 1891) – SE Peru and EC Bolivia.
  • F. x. flavissimus Hellmayr, 1929 – NE Brazil (Maranhão to Paraiba and N Bahia).
  • F. x. xanthopterygius (Spix, 1824) – SE Bolivia, E & SE Brazil (Tocantins and N Bahia to Santa Catarina), Paraguay and NE Argentina.
  • Descriptive notes

    12–13 cm; 30 g. Green, slightly lighter and yellower below; bright emerald green around eye; bend of wing, primary- and secondary-coverts, underwing-coverts, lower back... read more


    Call is a somewhat buzzy, high-pitched and screechy “zeet” or a more passerine-like twittering “... read more


    In C of range gallery forest, light riparian growth, matorral (patchy, varied riverine thickets),... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mainly fruit and seeds of plants in secondary vegetation, including grass seed taken from ground; specific items include seeds of ... read more


    Precise timing unclear; occupied nest-hole in Jul, Colombia, Oct and Jan, SE Brazil, and Mar, NE Brazil. Nest in hole in tree (e.g. ... read more


    Seasonal movements related to flowering and fruiting of various communities of plants are reported... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common over most of range, and possibly expanding numbers with fragmentation of Amazonian forest, e.g. recently recorded... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).