Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera)


French: Paruline à ailes bleues German: Blauflügel-Waldsänger Spanish: Reinita aliazul

Certhia cyanoptera

Olson and Reveal

, 2009,

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA


Where breeding ranges overlap, hybridizes regularly with V. chrysoptera (which see). Has hybridized also with Geothlypis formosa (hybrid originally described as a new species, Helminthophaga cincinnatiensis; one of the two specimens of this pairing originally thought to have involved Geothlypis philadelphia), and possibly with Leiothlypis ruficapilla. Until recently, species known as V. pinus#R#R. Monotypic.


S Canada (S Ontario) and NE USA (from SE Minnesota, C Wisconsin, C Michigan, New York and S Maine S to NE Oklahoma, N Arkansas, S Appalachians, West Virginia and Pennsylvania); migrates to region from SE Mexico S to Costa Rica, occasionally to Panama and Caribbean.

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; 7·2–11 g. Male has bright yellow on front of head, throat and underparts, contrasting short, narrow black eyestripe; nape and upperparts olive-... read more


Has two song types. Type 1 song a buzzy, drawn-out “bzeeeee-bzzzzz”, second note either... read more


Breeds in woodland edges and clearings, streamside thickets, neglected brushy fields and similar... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds mainly on insects, especially larvae of Lepidoptera and small crickets and grasshoppers (Orthoptera); also spiders (Araneae). Forages... read more


Season May–Jul, egg-laying May–Jun. Nest a cone-shaped cup of grasses, dead leaves and bark strips, lined with hair and fine... read more


Medium-distance to long-distance migrant. Leaves breeding grounds mostly during Aug, arriving on... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common throughout breeding range. Increased in numbers and range during 20th century. Range expanding steadily N,... read more

Recommended citation

Curson, J. (2020). Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).