Olson and Reveal, 2009,
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Where breeding ranges overlap, hybridizes regularly with V. chrysoptera (which see). Has hybridized also with Geothlypis formosa (hybrid originally described as a new species, Helminthophaga cincinnatiensis; one of the two specimens of this pairing originally thought to have involved Geothlypis philadelphia), and possibly with Leiothlypis ruficapilla. Until recently, species known as V. pinus#R#R. Monotypic.
S Canada (S Ontario) and NE USA (from SE Minnesota, C Wisconsin, C Michigan, New York and S Maine S to NE Oklahoma, N Arkansas, S Appalachians, West Virginia and Pennsylvania); migrates to region from SE Mexico S to Costa Rica, occasionally to Panama and Caribbean.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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