French: Quiscale des marais German: Bootschwanzgrackel Spanish: Zanate marismeño
New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
Q. m. torreyi
(Harper, 1934) – E USA from Long I (New York) S along coast to N Florida.
Q. m. westoni
(Sprunt, 1934) – most of peninsular Florida.
Q. m. major
Vieillot, 1819 – SE Texas E along coast to extreme SW Mississippi.
Q. m. alabamensis
Stevenson, 1978 – S Mississippi E along coast to NW Florida.
Male average 39·9 cm, 154–239 g; female average 27·5 cm, 93–147 g (torreyi). Male nominate race is entirely black, with violet gloss on... read more
Song, by both sexes (female more rarely) during display, a series of sharp “kip” notes... read more
Brackish to freshwater marshes along coast, and bordering estuaries of main rivers. Nowadays also... read more
Food and feeding
Opportunistic and omnivorous. Feeds on small vertebrates, invertebrates, wild and cultivated seeds, tubers (e.g. potatoes), carrion,... read more
Season Mar–Jul, and egg-laying highly asynchronous; autumnal breeding (Nov) reported in Florida. Breeds in colonies of two to c. 200... read more
Largely resident. Longer-winged N race torreyi a partial short-distance migrant, some... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to locally abundant. Tolerates habitat modifications. Has expanded its range N & W.
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