Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Bolivian Blackbird (Oreopsar bolivianus)


French: Carouge de Bolivie German: Bolivienstärling Spanish: Tordo boliviano

Oreopsar bolivianus

W. L. Sclater

, 1939,

Sucre, 2700 m, Chuquisaca, Bolivia


Molecular data indicate that this species is sister to Agelaioides badius, but in general aspect, skeletal morphology and behaviour it also resembles Gnorimopsar chopi. Proposal to merge present genus into Agelaioides would require name of present species changing to A. oreopsar, as name “bolivianus” preoccupied therein. Monotypic.


C Bolivia, mostly in Cochabamba, Potosí and Chuquisaca, probably also in nearby parts of La Paz and Oruro.

Descriptive notes

Male 23 cm, average 73·5 g; female average 66·2 g. Medium-sized, all-dark icterid, bill with decurved culmen. Plumage is almost entirely black, with little... read more


Song a simple sequence of short “chip” notes interspersed with “chip-it”... read more


Dry intermontane valleys (six or more months of dry season). Often in open xeric woodland (with... read more

Food and feeding

Insects and other arthropods; also seeds, including crop seeds i.e. maize (Zea mays), and cactus fruits. Usually forages on ground... read more


Season Apr. Co-operative breeder. Nest a loose open cup of plant material, placed in hole or crevice in rocky wall or cliff; material... read more


Apparently resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in High Andes of Bolivia and Argentina EBA. Locally common in suitable habitat. Tolerates some habitat disturbance... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2020). Bolivian Blackbird (Oreopsar bolivianus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).