French: Mésange à tête brune German: Hudsonmeise Spanish: Carbonero boreal
J. R. Forster
Severn River, Hudson Bay, Canada
Subspecies and Distribution
P. h. stoneyi
(Ridgway, 1887) – NW USA (NC Alaska) and NW Canada.
P. h. columbianus
(Rhoads, 1893) – S Alaska and adjacent W Canada, S in NW USA to N Washington.
P. h. hudsonicus
(J. R. Forster, 1772) – C Alaska E to E Canada (E to Labrador and Newfoundland).
P. h. farleyi
(Godfrey, 1951) – SC Canada (E British Columbia E to C Manitoba).
P. h. littoralis
(H. Bryant, 1865) – extreme SE Canada (S Quebec E to Prince Edward I and Nova Scotia) and extreme NE USA (E from New York).
12·5–14·5 cm; 7–12·4 g. Medium-sized, brown-capped and black-bibbed tit with brown upperparts. Nominate race has forehead to crown (including... read more
Most frequent contact call “dee”, “seep” or “siup”, often given... read more
Dense lowland conifer forest, usually dominated by stands of spruce (Picea) and balsam fir... read more
Food and feeding
Food small invertebrates, larvae and eggs, including moths (Lepidoptera), aphids (Aphidoidea), beetles (Coleoptera) and spiders (Araneae);... read more
Season late Apr to mid-Jul; one brood. Monogamous; probably pairs for life. Territorial; previous season’s territory usually... read more
Resident, and short-distance altitudinal migrant; also cyclically irruptive according to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common or locally common; irregularly common in winter or in irruptive years. Densities of 2–11 pairs/km² in parts of Canadian breeding... read more
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