Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Least Concern

Bornean Bulbul (Pycnonotus montis)


French: Bulbul de Bornéo German: Borneobülbül Spanish: Bulbul de Borneo

Rubigula montis


, 1879,

Kinabalu, north Borneo


See P. melanicterus. Monotypic.


N & C Borneo.

Descriptive notes

17–18 cm. Medium-small, active, conspicuous bulbul with slightly elongated crest feathers (raised when bird excited). Head is dull black, upperparts dull olive; wings... read more


Constantly given sharp “yek, yek”. Song said to resemble that of P. melanicterus... read more


Evergreen forest, secondary forest, and shrubby regrowth on abandoned cultivation; 600–1500 m.

Food and feeding

An arboreal frugivore and partial insectivore. Eats fruit of Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) less than 4 mm in diameter, also Trema... read more


Little known. Nest with 2 fresh eggs found at 1200 m in late Jan; nest a deep cup of dry stems and leaves, similar to that of P.... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Not evaluated. Seems relatively scarce in E Bornean highland forest (particularly around Gunung Kinabalu), but more common and conspicuous in other... read more

Recommended citation

Fishpool, L. & Tobias, J. (2019). Bornean Bulbul (Pycnonotus montis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 August 2019).