Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)


Bornean Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron schleiermacheri)


French: Éperonnier de Bornéo German: Borneopfaufasan Spanish: Espolonero de Borneo

Polyplectron schleiermacheri


, 1877,

south-eastern Borneo


Has been considered a race of P. malacense, but a phylogenetic analysis of male morphology indicates that it is better treated as a full species#R#R; in our own analysis, male differs in its stronger, clearer-cut white chin and throat, with white line running down mid-breast (3); glossy bluish-tinged dark green sides of breast vs dull vermiculated grey-brown (3); blacker belly (2); tan-and-black vs whitish-and-black vermiculations above, thus looking yellower and darker (ns[1+]); ocelli smaller and bluer (both species reflecting purple at some angles, but malacense changing to dark green, schleiermacheri to dark bluish) (ns[2]); much shorter-tailed (on very small sample of 3 vs 5 males, former mean 210, latter 258) (score at least 2); moreover, voice evidently very distinctive#R (3). Monotypic.


Borneo. Exact distribution uncertain#R#R#R.

Descriptive notes

Male c. 50 cm (tail c. 19–20 cm); female c. 35·5 cm (tail 15·5–18 cm). Rather small, relatively short-tailed peacock-pheasant. Male has throat and... read more


Unknown until recently, but song is a series of increasingly loud, harsh cackles, typical of ... read more


Principally occurs in primary lowland forest, including areas regenerating after fires, lowland... read more

Food and feeding

No information available.


Season suggested to be late Oct–mid Mar. No information available from the wild, but mating system is presumed to be polygamous. In... read more


No information available.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Mace-Lande: critical. CITES II. Very poorly known, and just three recent records from N Borneo, all from Kuamut Forest Reserve (83,000 ha of somewhat degraded... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Bornean Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron schleiermacheri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).