French: Bruant de Botteri German: Streifenrückenammer Spanish: Chingolo de Botteri
P. L. Sclater
vicinity of Orizaba, Veracruz, Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
P. b. arizonae
Ridgway, 1873 – extreme S USA in SE Arizona (Cochise County) and SW New Mexico, possibly also W Texas, and N Mexico S to S Sonora and N Durango and discontinuously in N & S Coahuila; non-breeding also to SC Mexico (Morelos).
P. b. texana
(A. R. Phillips, 1943) – extreme S Texas and NE Mexico (E Tamaulipas).
P. b. goldmani
(A. R. Phillips, 1943) – W coast of Mexico from S Sinaloa S to Nayarit.
P. b. mexicana
(Lawrence, 1867) – C highlands of Mexico from SE Durango, Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí S to Colima, C Michoacán and Distrito Federal.
P. b. botterii
(P. L. Sclater, 1858) – Botteri's Sparrow – SE & S highlands of Mexico from S San Luis Potosí S through Puebla and W Veracruz to C Guerrero, Oaxaca and W Chiapas.
P. b. petenica
(Salvin, 1863) – Peten Sparrow – lowlands of SE Mexico from EC Veracruz (near city of Veracruz), Tabasco and E Chiapas E to N Yucatán, N Guatemala (Petén) and Belize.
P. b. vantynei
(Webster, 1959) – highlands of C Guatemala.
P. b. spadiconigrescens
(T. R. Howell, 1965) – lowlands of N Honduras and NE Nicaragua.
P. b. vulcanica
(W. deW. Miller & Griscom, 1925) – highlands of W Nicaragua and NW Costa Rica.
13·5–15 cm; 15·7–25·5 g. A medium-sized sparrow with large bill, flat head, and long, rounded tail. Nominate race is moderately dark brown in... read more
Song, sometimes in short aerial display, characteristically consists of two “che-lick”... read more
Grasslands, savanna, coastal prairie, pine (Pinus) forests, and lowland pine savanna in... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, also seeds of sacaton and other plants. Feeds young with variety of insects, especially grasshoppers (Orthoptera) and stick-... read more
In Arizona season late May through Aug; usually single-brooded; in some areas nesting activities seem to be triggered by rains. Monogamous... read more
Migratory in far N of range in USA (Arizona, and probably S Texas); resident elsewhere. Absent from... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally abundant in N of range (USA); fairly common to common in Mexico and S to Costa Rica, becoming more local in S parts. At risk in Texas as a... read more
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