Family Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)


Bounty Shag (Leucocarbo ranfurlyi)


French: Cormoran de Bounty German: Bountyscharbe Spanish: Cormorán de las Bounty

Phalacrocorax ranfurlyi


, 1901,

Bounty Islands


Sometimes placed in Phalacrocorax or Euleucocarbo, but classification here follows results of a comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the entire family#R. In past, often considered a race of L. campbelli (which see). Monotypic.


Restricted to Bounty Is, E of S New Zealand.

Descriptive notes

71 cm; male 2300–2900 g, female 2000–2700 g. Adult has rather long crest on crown, head and upperparts including outer sides of thighs black with bluish gloss,... read more


Male gives soft “corr corr” and ticking calls during display, also “he-he-he” during gaping display... read more


Marine. Forages out to sea and near coast. Breeds and rests on ledges and alcoves in sea cliffs and... read more

Food and feeding

Fish and invertebrates, including cephalopods, isopods, crabs and sea urchins. Feeds mainly by pursuit-diving. Sometimes forms feeding... read more


Laying in Oct–Nov, at least. Forms dense monospecific colonies of up to (formerly) c. 300 pairs; centres of adjoining nests only c. 1... read more


Sedentary. Possible record of two birds at Antipodes Is (S of Bounty Is) in 1950.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Has very small breeding range and population, making it susceptible to stochastic events and human impacts. Small population requires constant monitoring,... read more

Recommended citation

Orta, J., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Bounty Shag (Leucocarbo ranfurlyi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 June 2019).