Family Hornbills (Bucerotidae)

Least Concern

Bradfield's Hornbill (Lophoceros bradfieldi)


French: Calao de Bradfield German: Felsentoko Spanish: Toco de Bradfield

Rhynchaceros bradfieldi


, 1930,

Waterberg, Namibia


Belongs to the L. fasciatus species-group. In the past, birds of N Botswana and W Zimbabwe sometimes separated in race williaminae. Monotypic.


S & SE Angola, NE Namibia, SW Zambia, N Botswana and W Zimbabwe.

Descriptive notes

50 cm; 170–395 g. Small, pale brown hornbill with white belly and white tip of tail. Male has whitish stripe behind pale orange eye, orange bill with yellow band across... read more


High-pitched, loud, whistling calls, given either as single notes (e.g. in alarm) or in series,... read more


Deciduous Baikiaea, Guibourtia and Pterocarpus woodland on sandy soils,... read more

Food and feeding

Diet mainly arthropods, especially beetles and termites (also locusts, mantids, ants, bugs and maggots), augmented by various seeds (... read more


Lays at start of wet season, in Sept–Dec (peak Nov in Zimbabwe); second attempts Mar. Monogamous, but probably only territorial... read more


Sedentary and territorial when breeding. During dry season (May–Sept in Zambia), forms loose... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Only locally common, and with patchy distribution. Possibly resilient to changes in habitat through ability to wander in search of food and nest-... read more

Recommended citation

Kemp, A.C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Bradfield's Hornbill (Lophoceros bradfieldi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 July 2019).