French: Milan sacré German: Brahminenweih Spanish: Milano brahmán
Subspecies and Distribution
H. i. indus
(Boddaert, 1783) – Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka through SE Asia to S China.
H. i. intermedius
Blyth, 1865 – Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Greater and Lesser Sundas, Sulawesi and related small islands, and Sula Is.
H. i. girrenera
(Vieillot, 1822) – Moluccas, New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago and N & E Australia.
H. i. flavirostris
Condon & Amadon, 1954 – Feni Is and nearby Green Is (off SE New Ireland), and Solomon Is.
44–52 cm; male 409–650 g, female 434–700 g; wingspan 110–125 cm. Perched adult unmistakable, with chestnut back, wings and belly and white head, neck... read more
Mostly silent outside nesting season. Commonest call among pair members a plaintive, descending mew... read more
Coasts, estuaries, rivers, lakes, swamps, marshes, reservoirs, rice fields and urban areas; in... read more
Food and feeding
Variety of small animals and carrion, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, arthropods, crustaceans, shellfish, cuttlefish... read more
Dry season in tropics, late winter and spring in subtropics. Solitary. Platform of sticks and other flotsam 40–60 cm wide, up to 20... read more
Generally sedentary, although some breeders in S China may winter in SE Asia. Mostly resident in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common to abundant and widespread in some tropical areas, where often benefits from human activity. Clear-cutting of... read more
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