Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla)


French: Pinson du Nord German: Bergfink Spanish: Pinzón real

Fringilla Montifringilla


, 1758,



Has hybridized with F. coelebs. Monotypic.


N & NE Europe E in broad band to E Russia (Chukotka), S to NE Kazakhstan, C & SE Altai, Tuva, S L Baikal, Russian Far East (S to Amurland, Sakhalin and Kamchatka); winters in W, C & S Europe, N Africa, Middle East, and SW, C & E Asia.

Descriptive notes

13·5–16 cm; 17–30 g. Medium-sized finch with peaked crown, broad wingbars and white rump. Male breeding has head to side of neck, mantle and upper back... read more


Song a sweet and melodious series of jumbled twitters, chirps and short trills and fluty notes,... read more


Breeds in birch (Betula) and conifer woodland, also in mixed deciduous and conifer woods;... read more

Food and feeding

Mostly seeds and fruits; also small invertebrates and their larvae, size of adult animal prey mostly up to 6 mm and larvae to c. 20 mm long... read more


Season May to early Aug; single-brooded, occasionally two broods in C Siberia and NW Russia. Monogamous; pair-bond lasts for duration of... read more


Migratory; small numbers resident in Scandinavia. Most movement diurnal, but sea crossings (e.g.... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common to locally abundant, and widespread. Breeding population in Europe estimated (on basis of suitable habitat) at c. 15,000,000 pairs, with most... read more

Recommended citation

Clement, P. & Arkhipov, V. (2020). Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).